Adapting to Climate change and mitigating water scarcity by innovative urban water management in Cuba ("MAS AGUA PARA TODOS")
LOCATION AND DURATION OF THE ACTION: Cuba (selected provinces of Havana City and Matanzas); 36 months duration (01/02/2011-31/08/2016).
TARGET GROUPS: Cuban urban water sector, hotels (tourism sector), municipal and (food) industrial wastewater treatment plants, institutions and universities of higher education.
OBJECTIVES OF ACTION: To contribute to the adaptation and mitigation of the climate change effects on water scarcity in Cuba by introducing innovative practices in urban water cycle management.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF ACTION:
1) Integrated use of saline water as secondary quality water in the urban water cycle under Cuban circumstances
2) Increased reuse of treated wastewater in Cuba
3) Enhanced the knowledge, education and research capacities on innovative urban water cycle practices in the Cuban water sector
1) Use of saline water as secondary quality water in the urban environment in Cuba
2) Reclamation and reuse-oriented wastewater management in Cuba
3) Capacity building through education and training
INNOVATIVE ASPECTS: The project concept aims at applying innovative management concepts to study the feasibility to reduce the drinking water demand by:
(i) Replacing a significant part with saline (sea and brackish) water for urban water consumption as secondary quality water (e.g. toilet flushing),
(ii) Introducing the pilot-scale SANI (Sulfate and Autotrophic Nitrogen Removal Integrated) system which, by making use of recently developed integrated biological processes, can reduce the environmental emissions when treating saline wastewater or wastewater that has suffered of salt intrusion, and
(iii) Facilitate the reuse of treated wastewater as secondary quality water through the application of membrane bioreactor processes (MBR) for wastewater treatment.