40 Small Towns Water and Sanitation Project in central and Western region (STWASAP)
LOCATION AND DURATION OF THE ACTION: The Project covers 20 towns from 7 Districts out of 13 of Central Region and 20 towns from 10 districts out of 13 of Western Region, in the South Western part of Ghana; 57 months of duration (31/12/2006-30/09/2011).
TARGET GROUP: The primary target group is the population living in the 40 selected small towns in Central and Western Regions. The lack of access to potable water and Sanitation is one the major constraints in their living conditions, and affects all aspects of their life. The construction of the WSS will particularly benefit the women and children as they represent more than 92% of the persons involved in water fetching. Public institutions will benefit directly from the project, as they will be provided with institutional private connections and institutional latrines, so as to increase access to water and sanitation facilities. Other intended beneficiaries will include:
- The WSDB and the WATSANS, and their possible private operators;
- The District Water and Sanitation Teams (DWSTs) at the District level;
- The CWSA at the regional and national levels;
- The local private sector, involved in construction and management, such as latrine artisans, private operators of the WSS.
OBJECTIVES OF ACTION: The overall objective of the project is to provide sustainable reduction of poverty through improvement of health situation and living conditions in small towns of Ghana; to improve access to safe water and sanitation in a sustainable manner in selected small towns of Central and Western regions.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES OF ACTION: The purpose of the Small Towns Water Supply and Sanitation Project in the Central and Western Region of Ghana (STWaSaP) is to improve access to safe water and sanitation in a sustainable manner in the small towns of Central and Western Regions. The implementation of the programme should allow the average water coverage in the two regions concerned to be increased from 35% to 41% and increase the improved toilet coverage rate from 48% to 60% in the 40 selected communities.
MAIN ACTIVITIES: 1) Enable DAs through DWSTs to supervise and monitor construction of water supply systems; 2) Conduct a drilling campaign; 3) Update of design based on drilling campaign results; 4) Implement civil works; 5) Select and implement viable management option; 6) Train WSDBs and Watsans; 7) Implement household latrines constructed through locally trained latrine artisans; 8) Construct institutional latrines; 9) Implement small-scale environment sanitation projects.
INNOVATIVE ASPECTS: Innovation elements: The add-value of this program came from its approach: the WATSAN committees were created, trained and installed before the launch of the activities. More than 250,000 urban dwellers in 40 small rural towns benefited from the program, making STWASAP a major regional program. The regular revenue collection enabled to sustain the committees for continuous maintenance of the water facilities. The round water cisterns were assembled with aluminium parts which has been a real innovation at that time (first time in Ghana; easier maintenance and water storage conditions); The local availability of the pumps and materials (after-sale-services) were also considered as a key issue at the time of the design of the facilities (imported spare parts; no local content supplies). However, whereas the water component was successfully carried out, the sanitation aspects were not assessed as satisfactorily achieved (component under the management of the Sanitation Agency) even when the infrastructures were functional.
Contact: DELSOL Herve