IWW Water Centre
IWW Water Centre is a water research institute headquartered in Mülheim, Germany, and an affiliated institute of the University of Duisburg-Essen. IWW has a focus on interdisciplinary, national and international water research. The scope ranges from fundamental research to the development of practical applications, while the focus lies on applied research, practice-orientated consulting, qualification and knowledge transfer.
The working areas cover the whole water supply chain and range from water resources management over water technology, water quality, water distribution networks, protection of water, biofilms in drinking water and industrial water, toxicology, applied microbiology, water analysis (chemistry, microbiology, radioactivity) up to management consulting for water distribution companies and industry. The research activities concentrate on four strategic research lines: Water Economics and Society, Water Technology and Assets, Water Resources and Environment and Water Quality and Health.
== History ==
IWW was founded in 1986 and today more than 80 scientists, engineers, economists and technicians work at the regional branches in [[Mülheim]] in North-Rhine Westphalia, Biebesheim in Hesse and Diepholz in Lower Saxony for IWW. In 2002, IWW reorganized into a non-profit research organization limited liability company with a subsidiary that offers consulting and development work.
== Research and teaching ==
IWW carries out research projects funded by public authorities, in connection with the centre for water and environment (ZWU) of the University Duisburg-Essen, in cooperation with and co-funded by public utilities or industrial partners, or as contract research for individual companies. A scientific directorate, which members hold university chairs at the university Duisburg-Essen, the Technical University of Dortmund and the Technische Universität Darmstadt guarantees scientific excellence. The research programme of IWW is additionally supervised by an international scientific advisory board.
IWW supports the international and interdisciplinary water studies at the Universität Duisburg-Essen „Water Science“ and „Management and Technology of Water and Wastewater“ through teaching activities as well as the supervision of Bachelor-, Master-, Diploma- and doctoral theses.
IWW has a multifunctional technical infrastructure, well equipped laboratories, large-scale proving grounds and versatile facilities for pilot plants (e.g. filters, membrane and corrosion testing units).
== Recent Projects, Networks, Collaborations ==
IWW is a member of numerous (inter-) national cooperations, networks and projects. Research projects of IWW are funded by a number of acknowledged institutions, among them the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany), the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, the German Association for Gas and Water Applications (DVGW), the German Environmental Foundation (DBU), the Ministry of Climate Protection, Environment, Agriculture, Nature Conversation and Consumer Protection of North-Rhine Westphalia (MKULNV NRW), the State Office for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection North-Rhine Westphalia (LANUV NRW) as well as the Alliance Industry Research (AiF) and the EU framework programmes.
Two large research projects with IWW participation deal with the adaption to the consequences of climate change. While the EU project ‘Prepared’ is dedicated to the impacts on the water supply and waste water disposal systems, ‘Dynaklim’ develops dynamic instruments and processes for a proactive and anticipative adaption of the Emscher-Lippe-Region to the effects of the climate change. Two further IWW projects focus on the safety of the drinking water supply against attacks. The BMBF-funded joint research project ‚Protection of the drinking water supply against CBNR-threat-scenarios’ (STATuS) develops preventative and defensive strategies based on a hazard and risk analysis. The EU project ‚Security and decontamination of drinking water distribution systems following a deliberate contamination’ (SecurEau) researches the best methods to quickly restore drinking water networks again after a terrorist attack.
A further selection of current research projects: Water quality in the Three Gorges Reservoir, China, prognosis of decreasing denitrification capacities in aquifers (DVGW), by-product formation in oxidative treatment of municipal wastewaters (MKULNV), intelligent water networks (BMBF IWaNet), structural and process-related comparability of water utilities (DVGW), aging of pipe materials in drinking water supply (DVGW), biofilms in household installations (BMBF) and technical development of bioinorganic membranes (MEM-S).
In 2012 two new research projects with IWW participation started their work. ‘Safe Ruhr’ is a national funded joint research project, coordinated by IWW. It is developing a risk management concept for the river Ruhr as a source for drinking water and temporarily usable bathing water. The EU-funded project ‘CeraWater’ aims at developing ceramic honeycomb nanofiltration membranes with an extra anti-fouling membrane grafting for cost-efficient application in water filtration.
Water research is increasingly interlinked at national and international level to face the global challenges of the water sector together. IWW is part of a global network of scientific institutions, industrial R&D centres, technology companies, standardisation bodies, organisations and authorities. IWW is a founding member of the European network ‘Proficiency Testing for the Water Framework Directive’ www.pt-wfd.eu and a founding member of the ‚Aqua Research Collaboration ARC’, a network of European water research institutes. IWW also is a member of the research network 'Questor Centre' located in Belfast, which coordinates projects that are financed by the industry.
IWW coordinates a large European Research Project with 30 partners from 11 European countries. „TRUST – Transitions to the Urban Water Services of Tomorrow“ (http://www.trust-i.net). TRUST tarted its work in 2011 and is going to develop technology and management options for the water supply and waste water disposal systems in cities in order to create more efficient, sustainable and eco-friendly urban water cycle systems. IWW also carries out applicable research projects outside of Europe, i.e. in Syria or Iran.
== (Inter-) national conferences ==
IWW regularly organizes national and international conferences, for example the
International conference LESAM 2011 – Leading Edge Conference for Strategic Asset Management’ in September 2011
5th International Conference ‘Water Contamination and Emergencies Conference’ in 2012
DBP2014 – Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water (October 2014)
== Muelheim Water Award ==
Every two years, IWW organizes the International Muelheim Water Award, (www.muelheim-water-award.com/index.php?lang=en) that is supported by RWE Aqua and RWW. The Muelheim Water Award honours innovative solutions for practical and applied approaches in water management.