Economic instruments to change current practice and deal with water scarcity and droughts: A SPADIS case study within the European Climate Adaptation Platform
The Segura River Basin in the south east of Spain suffers from a structural condition of water scarcity and drought occurrence. A recent strategy, promoted by SPADIS as an EIP-Water Action Group, is introducing a set of Economic Policy Instruments aimed at addressing structural changes of the long-term water demand in the Segura basin to attain an efficient use of the limited water resources available. This will change the traditional response of dealing with this condition by increasing water transfer facilities (i.e. Tagus Segura Water Transfer, a major diversion project), and will allow taking advantage of the existing opportunities of developing alternative sources (i.e. desalination and reuse) whilst making use of water in a more technically efficient way (i.e. irrigation modernization).
The case study: Infrastructure and economic incentives to reduce vulnerability to drought in Segura and Tagus basins (2014) built on the experience gained in EPI Water and the further research and discussion within the SPADIS Action Group is now part of the European Climate Adaptation Platform (Climate-ADAPT) aims at supporting Europe in adapting to climate change. It is an initiative of the European Commission to provide information on expected climate change in Europe, current and future vulnerability of regions and sectors, national and transnational adaptation strategies, adaptation case studies and potential adaptation options and tools that support adaptation planning