Adaptive Implementation Arrangements
The climate is always changing. Government organization, NGO’s and companies are becoming more aware that they need to act on this development. Barriers such as a lack of urgency and a shrinking budgetary means are the cause that the actual implementation of adaptation strategies is a difficult phase. During this phase each actor tries to minimize his own (potential) risks and tries to maximize the guarantees that other actors will do what was agreed, by drafting robust contracts. The cases that were analysed in this project show that adaptation strategies are not very flexible, while one would expect this to be an important principle for adaptation policy. There is also very little attention for monitoring, let alone reflexive (participatory, aimed at mutual learning) monitoring.
Within the Knowledge for Climate programme, the project was carried out aiming at developing an approach to answer the question in which way adaptation strategies can be implemented in a flexible way and what role reflexive monitoring can play in this. We developed the approach – that consists of a questionnaire, a serious game and the policy arrangement canvas - in an action research setting in two cases and by interaction during different other interactive session. For this approach possible arrangements that are flexible in various degrees have been described in combination with examples of reflexive monitoring.
The report is available in Dutch. An article in English is forthcoming as a chapter in a book on action research (Van Buuren, Eshuis & Van Vliet (ed): Action Research for Climate Change; Developing and applying knowledge for governance, Routledge, expected publication date 23 November 2014).